FAQ's

APPLICATION OF TRADEMARKS

What are the use requirements?


There are no use requirements on order to obtain registration or to renew a trademark.




When does a trademark become vulnerable to being canceled for non-use?


Any interested third party may initiate a cancellation actions due to lack of use of a registered trademark if it has not been used during the 3 years prior to the filing of the cancellation action.




In the case of cancellation due to lack of use, how old should be the evidence that prove the use?


Evidence of use must be dated from the period of 3 years prior to the date of filing of the cancellation action. Acceptable evidence of use will depend on the particular case, the product or service in question, the market within which it is involved, the market segment to which the good or service is destined, etc. More generally, in the case of mass consumer products, a constant and significant use (various uses) of the mark will be required for the goods or services for which it is registered.




Can you prove use by filing evidence of use in another country?


Yes, use in any country of the Andean Community is enough to overcome a cancellation action in any other country member.




What are the requirements for recording assignment, change of name or change of address of a trademark registration?


It will be required to file an signed assignment document or a document proving the change of name or change of address respectively. The document must be in Spanish or with a translation into Spanish, and it must be legalized before the Ecuadorian consulate or by Apostille. Furthermore, a power of attorney must be filed, and the official fee must be paid.




How long does it take to record the amendment?


Usually, it will take about 9 months for the certificate to be issued.





EXAMINATION

How long does it take the Trademark Office to examine an application?


At the moment, the examination will take about 5 months. It will start after an end of the opposition deadline and the usual 5 months, of course, only applies if there was not opposition. However, there is no time specified in our laws so it will depend to a large extent on the examiner, on how many cases the examiner has to handle and how well the application was put together.




Is the trademark application examined before or after the publication?


The Trademark Office will examine the formal requirements within 15 days from the application date. If there is not an opposition, the substance of the application will be examined within 30 working days after the publication of the application.




What type of examination does the Office of trademarks (distinctiveness, similarity, nullities, etc.)?


The formal requirements are: • Clear indication of the trademark and proper reproduction of the trademark in case it is a figurative mark or an non-traditional trademark like sound and smell • The proper data of the applicant, including sufficiently clear contact data • Clear indication of the goods and services • Proof of payment of the correct fees The substantive examination will ensure that the sign is sufficiently distinctive to qualify as a trademark.




How long does it take for the registration to be issued?


Without opposition, the average time from the filing date is 8 to 12 months.




Once the trademark has been registered, when will the Certificate of Registration be issued?


Usually it takes about 4 months from the notice of the granting of registration, however, there is no legal deadline established for the issuance and delivery of the Registration Certificate.





OPPOSITION

What are the use requirements?


There are no use requirements on order to obtain registration or to renew a trademark.




When does a trademark become vulnerable to being canceled for non-use?


Any interested third party may initiate a cancellation actions due to lack of use of a registered trademark if it has not been used during the 3 years prior to the filing of the cancellation action.




In the case of cancellation due to lack of use, how old should be the evidence that prove the use?


Evidence of use must be dated from the period of 3 years prior to the date of filing of the cancellation action. Acceptable evidence of use will depend on the particular case, the product or service in question, the market within which it is involved, the market segment to which the good or service is destined, etc. More generally, in the case of mass consumer products, a constant and significant use (various uses) of the mark will be required for the goods or services for which it is registered.




Can you prove use by filing evidence of use in another country?


Yes, use in any country of the Andean Community is enough to overcome a cancellation action in any other country member.




What are the requirements for recording assignment, change of name or change of address of a trademark registration?


It will be required to file an signed assignment document or a document proving the change of name or change of address respectively. The document must be in Spanish or with a translation into Spanish, and it must be legalized before the Ecuadorian consulate or by Apostille. Furthermore, a power of attorney must be filed, and the official fee must be paid.




How long does it take to record the amendment?


Usually, it will take about 9 months for the certificate to be issued.





APPEAL

If the application is refused, what is the deadline for appeal?


Our legislation provides for appeal through various types of recourses, and the deadline varies according to the particular recourse selected as follow: Reinstatement Recourse or Appeal: 15 working days after the notification of the refusal. Extraordinary revision before the Committee of the IEPI: up to 3 years from the notification of the corresponding administrative act Appeal before the Courts: 90 days after the notification of the refusal




Is it possible to extend the deadline for appeal?


No





RENEWAL

What are the use requirements?


There are no use requirements on order to obtain registration or to renew a trademark.




When does a trademark become vulnerable to being canceled for non-use?


Any interested third party may initiate a cancellation actions due to lack of use of a registered trademark if it has not been used during the 3 years prior to the filing of the cancellation action.




In the case of cancellation due to lack of use, how old should be the evidence that prove the use?


Evidence of use must be dated from the period of 3 years prior to the date of filing of the cancellation action. Acceptable evidence of use will depend on the particular case, the product or service in question, the market within which it is involved, the market segment to which the good or service is destined, etc. More generally, in the case of mass consumer products, a constant and significant use (various uses) of the mark will be required for the goods or services for which it is registered.




Can you prove use by filing evidence of use in another country?


Yes, use in any country of the Andean Community is enough to overcome a cancellation action in any other country member.




What are the requirements for recording assignment, change of name or change of address of a trademark registration?


It will be required to file an signed assignment document or a document proving the change of name or change of address respectively. The document must be in Spanish or with a translation into Spanish, and it must be legalized before the Ecuadorian consulate or by Apostille. Furthermore, a power of attorney must be filed, and the official fee must be paid.




How long does it take to record the amendment?


Usually, it will take about 9 months for the certificate to be issued.





USE REQUIREMENTS

What are the use requirements?


There are no use requirements on order to obtain registration or to renew a trademark.




When does a trademark become vulnerable to being canceled for non-use?


Any interested third party may initiate a cancellation actions due to lack of use of a registered trademark if it has not been used during the 3 years prior to the filing of the cancellation action.




In the case of cancellation due to lack of use, how old should be the evidence that prove the use?


Evidence of use must be dated from the period of 3 years prior to the date of filing of the cancellation action. Acceptable evidence of use will depend on the particular case, the product or service in question, the market within which it is involved, the market segment to which the good or service is destined, etc. More generally, in the case of mass consumer products, a constant and significant use (various uses) of the mark will be required for the goods or services for which it is registered.




Can you prove use by filing evidence of use in another country?


Yes, use in any country of the Andean Community is enough to overcome a cancellation action in any other country member.




What are the requirements for recording assignment, change of name or change of address of a trademark registration?


It will be required to file an signed assignment document or a document proving the change of name or change of address respectively. The document must be in Spanish or with a translation into Spanish, and it must be legalized before the Ecuadorian consulate or by Apostille. Furthermore, a power of attorney must be filed, and the official fee must be paid.




How long does it take to record the amendment?


Usually, it will take about 9 months for the certificate to be issued.





INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

What are the use requirements?


There are no use requirements on order to obtain registration or to renew a trademark.




When does a trademark become vulnerable to being canceled for non-use?


Any interested third party may initiate a cancellation actions due to lack of use of a registered trademark if it has not been used during the 3 years prior to the filing of the cancellation action.




In the case of cancellation due to lack of use, how old should be the evidence that prove the use?


Evidence of use must be dated from the period of 3 years prior to the date of filing of the cancellation action. Acceptable evidence of use will depend on the particular case, the product or service in question, the market within which it is involved, the market segment to which the good or service is destined, etc. More generally, in the case of mass consumer products, a constant and significant use (various uses) of the mark will be required for the goods or services for which it is registered.




Can you prove use by filing evidence of use in another country?


Yes, use in any country of the Andean Community is enough to overcome a cancellation action in any other country member.




What are the requirements for recording assignment, change of name or change of address of a trademark registration?


It will be required to file an signed assignment document or a document proving the change of name or change of address respectively. The document must be in Spanish or with a translation into Spanish, and it must be legalized before the Ecuadorian consulate or by Apostille. Furthermore, a power of attorney must be filed, and the official fee must be paid.




How long does it take to record the amendment?


Usually, it will take about 9 months for the certificate to be issued.